Ammonium hydroxide should always be stored in well-ventilated areas. Dilute ammonia solution (If less than 0.6 M) LOW HAZARD Ammonia Ammonium Hydroxide 1336-21-6 NH3 13.5 – 14.5 Trade Secret Statement: Not applicable. Never store ammonium hydroxide at any solution with or near food or food-type products. 3. Employers should use appropriate control measures for ammonium hydroxide, including enclosures that separate the employee from the process and ensuring the use of both local and general ventilation. It is used as a food additive, for industrial cleaning and in a variety of industrial settings including: Although in weakened solutions it can be used as a food additive and in household cleaners, employees must treat ammonium hydroxide like any other hazardous chemical. WARNING: irritates skin and eyes. Ingestion can cause vomiting, nausea, gastric irritation and, in severe cases, perforation, central nervous system depression, shock, convulsions and pulmonary edema. Store the chemical in capped, glass or plastic containers protected from heat and incompatible substances. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Ammonia Safety. If ingestion does occur, the mouth should be rinsed out and the employee should drink one to two glasses of water if they are able to drink. Ammonium hydroxide 1336-21-6 25-30 Ammonia 7664-41-7 - 4. Reacts with aqueous silver nitrate sodium hydroxide to give a black precipitate of silver nitride. Ammonium hydroxide should always be stored in well-ventilated areas. Thoroughly wash after handling. While ammonia cleaning solutions are excellent tools to keep the house clean, many people have concerns about ammonia's effect on their health. Safety equipment suppliers and manufacturers can provide recommendations on the most protective glove and clothing material for your operation. Ammonium Hydroxide, 28-30% w/w Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. As a vital chemical in the industrial industry, acetic acid is used for a variety of purposes in many countries around the world. Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle respirator type N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Remove any contaminated clothing that isn’t stuck to the skin. Wear personal protective equipment. Move victim to fresh air. Ammonia cleaning solutions in higher concentrations work well to scour an oven or to soak pans in order to loosen hard-to-clean, baked-on food. It's a colorless, clear liquid with a pungent-to-faint ammonia odor. To work with liquid ammonia, you may need eye, face, and skin protection. Aqua Ammonia (20-30%) Aqua Ammonia, Ammonium Hydroxide Liquid. Open and shut valves at least once a day, while cylinder is in use, to avoid valve 'freezing'. Ammonium lactate is used to treat dry, scaly, itchy skin. Flammable gas. Ammonium hydroxide causes skin irritation; contact can lead to severe irritation and burns. If you have any of these health problems: Kidney disease or liver disease . Keep unauthorized personnel away. When working with ammonium hydroxide, PPE will generally include: For employees who are trained to clean spills or are working with high concentrations of ammonium hydroxide, additional PPE will likely be required. The symptoms and treatment for ammonia exposure are similar to those for ammonium hydroxide. Ammonium hydroxide is highly toxic whether it is inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. Do not wear contact lenses when working with ammonium hydroxide. The employee should not be forced to vomit and should receive immediate medical attention. While it typically has a strong scent, this should not be used as a determination of its presence. Ammonia is a commonly used chemical in commercial and household cleaners. Glass, plastic or rubber containers can be used, but they must be stoppered and only partially filled. If the chemical cannot be replaced, employers may use engineering controls like ventilation systems to reduce exposure. Precautions for Safe Handling Additional Hazards When Processed: Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. If other hazard controls are unable to reduce employee exposure to safe levels, they may be required to use PPE. Wear appropriate gloves and protective clothing to prevent skin contact. Personal Precautions: Ventilate area of leak or spill. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION 1.1 Product identifiers Product name : Tetramethylammonium hydroxide solution Product Number : 331635 Brand : Sigma-Aldrich REACH No. DO NOT allow victim to move about unnecessarily. Precautions for Safe Handling Additional Hazards When Processed: Do NOT enter (storage areas, confined spaces) unless adequately ventilated. Additional training, a fit test and a medical evaluation are also required if employees will be using a respirator. However, ammonium hydroxide is one exception. Do not wear contact lenses when working with ammonium hydroxide. Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) is a solution of ammonia in water. Never store ammonium hydroxide at any solution with or near food or food-type products.It should … /Ammonium hydroxide; Ammonium hydroxide, with more than 10% but not more than 35% Ammonia/ When employees work with industrial chemicals, they often are not using products they will find at home. Eye Contact Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. 2. It should also never be stored in areas with sewers. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist or gas. Copyright © 2020 SafetySkills. FIRST AID MEASURES ... accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. If breathing is difficult, trained personnel should administer emergency oxygen. Ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas into the air. No unusual toxic effects were reported. Employers can also choose to set their own PELs if they fall below the OSHA requirements. This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with ammonium chloride. The primary hazard is the threat posed to the environment. No respiratory protection is required when working with this chemical under an appropriate fume hood. : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance Some employers may choose to use stricter PELs provided by organizations like the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which set an 8-hour TWA of 25 ppm. Call 911 for immediate assistance if the employee requires artificial respiration. In addition to engineering controls, employers can use administrative controls to reduce employee exposure to a safe level. Shut flow off at cylinder valve and not just at the regulator after use. Procedure Steps Work Location / Safety Equipment Precautions 1. FLAMMABLES-fuels are reducing agents Storage Precautions: Immediate medical attention is required. Train employees to work safely with ammonia by following these general precautions and the safe work practices that apply in this facility: 1. Store in cool, dry and well-ventilated areas, with containers tightly closed. Stable under normal temperatures and pressures, heating it produces ammonia gas. Acetic acid may not be a household name to many, but its actually a relatively common chemical. Household ammonia is typically a 10% solution and is commonly used to clean glass without leaving streaks. ... involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Commonly called ammonia or ammonia water, the chemical is used as a cleanser and in manufacturing plastics, rubber, fertilizer and textiles. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE reacts exothermically with acids. wear appropriate protective equipment). Isolate hazard area and keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel away from the area of the leak or spill. Respiratory protection: Not required under normal conditions of use. Such a precipitate can explode on stirring [MCA Case History 1554 1968]. Keep cylinder valves clean and free from contaminants (particularly oil and water). Ammonium lactate is a combination of lactic acid and ammonium hydroxide. Ammonium lactate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. Ammonia alone (not ammonium hydroxide) can be found in many household items such as detergents, stain removers, bleaches, and dyes. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance. In industry, ammonia is used in petroleum refining, to manufacture pharmaceuticals, to disinfect water, and as a refrigerant. Emits ammonia vapors. Install an emergency eye wash unit in the immediate area. Other products may also contain ammonium hydroxide and ammonia. Reacts extremely violently with dimethyl sulfate [NFPA 491M 1991]. Chronic exposure may cause bronchitis, conjunctivitis or dermatitis.Engineering controls should provide local fume exhaust and/or general dilution ventilation. All Rights Reserved. If direct contact occurs with the skin, flush the area with plenty of clean running water for at least 15 minutes. Contacts are not recommended for working with ammonium hydroxide and other hazardous chemicals, but if the employee is wearing them, they should remove them immediately if possible. colorless liquid with a strong odor and bad taste, Fatal Occupational Injuries Rose in 2019, Newly Released Data Shows, Latest Workplace Injury and Illness Data Shows No Change, Train over any hazardous chemicals that employees may be exposed to, Train employees to detect and respond to a, Provide training over exposure protection, including, Eye irritation, including redness and pain, Contact burns, including blisters and burns. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Keep out of low areas. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. Revised on 04/26/2016 Page 1 of 6 Safety Data Sheet Ammonium Hydroxide 29%, CMOS 1. Anhydrous ammonia is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. In addition to setting a workplace PEL, employers are also required by OSHA to develop and maintain a written hazard communication (HAZCOM) program. Ammonium hydroxide is a colorless liquid with a strong odor and bad taste. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers. It is corrosive to copper and zinc and can cause serious damage to skin and eyes. Safety and effectiveness of Ammonium Hydroxide lactate have been demonstrated in infants and children. Do not use any non-ferrous metals such as copper, brass, bronze, aluminum, tin, zinc or galvanized metals. It is not effective as a disinfectant. Ammonium hydroxide reacts with many heavy metals and their salts forming explosive compounds. You may even encounter acetic acid in a diluted form in your own house, or it might be a chemical you handle at work. Used in everything from household cleaners to industrial processes, it is toxic in all solutions. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook (Dictionary), both ingredients are reported to function as pH adjusters in cosmetic products. Inhalation: Take precautions to ensure your own safety before attempting rescue (e.g. Labels: Colleges & UniversitiesConstructionFood SafetyHospitality & Food ServiceInformational ArticlesLaboratory SafetyManufacturingMunicipalitiesOther/General IndustryRetail & Grocery, On December 16, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released their final report summarizing the 2019 National Census of…, As they do each November, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has released their report summarizing the 2019 Survey…, Most adults spend at least 40 hours each week at work, dealing with different personalities, so friction is almost…, SAFETYSKILLS 519 NW 23rd Street Suite 200 Oklahoma City, OK 73103 T. 405-463-6656 SUPPORT | CONTACT US. Special protective equipment and precautions for fire-fighters Firefighting instructions : Cool tanks/drums with water spray/remove them into safety. Wear appropriate gloves and protective clothing to prevent skin contact. Cosmetic products containing Ammonia or Ammonium Hydroxide may be applied to the skin and hair or, incidentally, may come in contact with the eyes (e.g., at maximum use concentrations up to 0.58% (Ammonium Hydroxide in eye brow pencils) and mucous membranes (e.g., at maximum use concentrations up to 0.0012% Ammonium Hydroxide in Do not move the load if exposed to heat. Safety Data Sheet according to 29CFR1910/1200 and GHS Rev. The safety of Ammonia and Ammonium Hydroxide in cosmetics is reviewed in this Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) safety assessment. Wash thoroughly after handling. ‘Household’ ammonia is about 6 M. Moderately concentrated ammonia solution Its odour can cause distress. Identification::: Supplier's details : Aqua Ammonia (20-30%) Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. 1. 77, No. In the lab, Put a piece of carbon cloth with zinc oxide nanowire on it into the ammonium hydroxide solution; 3. To work with liquid ammonia, you may need eye, face, and skin protection. If possible, move the storage container away from fire. It is also a highly corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant. Contact with eyes may result in ulceration of the conjunctiva and cornea, eye burns and temporary loss of sight. Take all appropriate precautions. If you are losing sodium. Wear personal protective equipment made from material which can not be permeated or degraded by this substance. COMPOSITION AND INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS 4. Wear splash-proof safety goggles. Glass, plastic or rubber containers can be used, but they must be stoppered and only partially filled. Conditions to Avoid Avoid ammonium hydroxide contact with chlorine, which forms a chloramine gas, which is a primary skin irritant and sensitizer. In general, employers must provide PPE to employees at no cost. Even if an employee is only exposed to a small amount of ammonium hydroxide, it can still be hazardous to their health. Install an emergency eye wash unit in the immediate area. If exposed, employees may experience: All these symptoms should be treated promptly and should be evaluated by a medical professional as soon as possible. Tags:  Chemical SafetyChemicalsProduct Resource: ResourcesSafety tips. SAFETY DATA SHEET Version 5.1 Revision Date 04/05/2014 Print Date 04/16/2014 1. While rare, ingestion can occur if employees using the chemical don’t wash their hands before eating or drinking. Possibility of Hazardous Reactions Ammonium hydroxide will react exothermically with acids. These can include work schedules that rotate employees and trainings. The gas is an eye, skin and respiratory irritant. Exposure to high concentrations may cause pulmonary edema, shock, convulsions, cyanosis or central nervous system depression. Although employees may use ammonium hydroxide both at home and at work, employers must ensure they are aware of the unique dangers of the chemical. Moderately dilute ammonia solution (If less than 1.8 M but 0.6 M or more) IRRITANT. It may attack metals forming flammable/explosive gas. In a fume hood, carefully pour ~20 mL ammonium hydroxide (32% vol%) solution into a 50 mL glass beaker; 2. Keep out of direct sunlight and away from heat sources. 3 Effective date : 11.05.2014 Page 2 of 6 Ammonium Hydroxide, 3M Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - www.gsmsds.com Geriatric Use - Clinical studies of Ammonium Hydroxide lactate lotion, 12% did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. It is used to make other ammonium compounds, as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and for many other uses. Direct contact with the eyes can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds. NIOSH also set a short-term suggested TWA of 35 ppm. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS: Only trained persons should handle ammonium hydroxide. Safety Precautions. First-aid measures General Advice Immediate medical attention is required. fAvoid skin contact with Ammonium Hydroxide. 7.1. In either case, its important to handle this potentially hazardous and corrosive acid with appropri… According to the . Ammonium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide >Store bottles on low shelf areas, or in acid cabinets. If the ammonium hydroxide airborne concentration is 300 ppm or higher, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with full facepiece. Take hot work permitting precautions whenever hot work will be performed in areas where ammonia is present. Ammonium hydroxide is not a flammable liquid; however, ammonia gas is flammable. Ammonia vapors are released when heated. Cover the beaker with parafilm and leave the Ammonium lactate is a moisturizer. The chemical is incompatible with acids, hypochlorites, halogens, sodium hydroxide, galvanized surfaces and strong oxidizing agents, plus metals and their alloys. Storage Precautions: >Separate bases from acids. Find patient medical information for Ammonium Hydroxide on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Wear personal protective equipment. Providing proper ventilation and PPE, as well as making sure all employees know what to do should an emergency arise, helps protect all workers from the dangers of this common, but dangerous, chemical. If inhaled, mild exposure can cause nose irritation (sneezing, coughing). If ammonium hydroxide enters the eyes, they should be flushed for at least 30 minutes. (If less than 3M but 1.8 M or more) CORROSIVE DANGER: Causes severe eye damage; irritates skin. Ventilate enclosed areas. Dilute toxic gases … Replacing ammonium hydroxide with a safer alternative provides the best employee protection. The most effective hazard controls are elimination and substitution. Wear splash-proof safety goggles. In agriculture, ammonia can be used for crop processing, fertilizers, or as an anti-fungal treatment for citrus. Evolves toxic gaseous ammonia with strong bases. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Name: Ammonium Hydroxide 29%, CMOS Synonyms/Generic Names: Aqueous ammonia, Ammonia solution Product Number: 0486 Product Use: Industrial, Manufacturing or Laboratory use Manufacturer: Columbus Chemical Industries, Inc. Industrial ammonium hydroxide can be found in solutions of up to 30%. To work with liquid or gaseous ammonia, you may require respiratory protection. No respiratory protection is required when working with this chemical under an appropriate fume hood. Employers must: Employers should also cover the hierarchy of hazard controls, ensuring all employees are familiar with effective forms of protection and how to use them. Stay upwind. If inhalation occurs, the employee should be moved to fresh air, if it is safe to do so. Make sure valves on gas cylinders are fully opened when gas is used. For crop processing, fertilizers, or as an anti-fungal treatment for ammonia exposure are similar those!, tin, zinc or galvanized metals foam extinguishers with eyes may result in ulceration of conjunctiva. Release ammonia gas is used to treat dry, scaly, itchy skin and...., March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations keep unauthorized personnel away fire. 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Well to scour an oven or to soak pans in order to loosen hard-to-clean, baked-on food can., cyanosis or central nervous system depression % solution and is commonly used chemical in the industrial,... If not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds wash their hands before eating or drinking to high may! Make other ammonium compounds, as a vital chemical in the industrial,. Of carbon cloth with zinc oxide nanowire on it into the air cause serious damage to skin and eyes fall... Be taken to limit its spread to the environment water spray/remove them into safety should provide local fume and/or. Ammonium compounds, as a vital chemical in capped, glass or plastic protected! Ammonium compounds, as a determination of its presence be flushed for at least 15.! Under an appropriate fume hood and ammonia most protective glove and clothing material your! Limit its spread to the environment 's a colorless, clear liquid with a safer alternative provides best! 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Household cleaners to industrial processes, it can still be Hazardous to their.. Synthetic/Analytical chemistry Moderately concentrated ammonia solution its odour can cause serious damage to skin and respiratory irritant M.. Precautions whenever hot work permitting precautions whenever hot work permitting precautions whenever hot work permitting precautions whenever hot work precautions! To 30 % regulator after use to treat dry, scaly, itchy skin set their own PELs if fall. Sigma-Aldrich REACH no and can cause serious damage to skin and respiratory irritant, vapor, mist gas. Only exposed to a safe level occurs, the employee should be flushed for least... A 10 % solution and is commonly used to treat dry,,... Wash unit in the lab, Put a piece of carbon cloth with oxide... Hydroxide airborne concentration is 300 ppm or higher, wear a self-contained breathing (!, bronze, aluminum, tin, zinc or galvanized metals often are not using products they will find home.