That solidified it for Simourian — Kennedy was his only hope. On 7 December 1988 an earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless. “I’ve been around government operations before, but I’d never seen anything like this,” recalled David Walker, a Baxter engineer who helped retrofit the new dialysis machines to make certain they would work once they arrived in Yerevan. Even the city’s main hospital collapsed during the earthquake killing both the patients and medical staff. The 1999 Armenia, Colombia earthquake occurred on 25 January at 13:19 with an epicenter 25 miles (40 km) west south west of Ibagué, Colombia. It flattened more than half the city of 250,000 people, reducing entire … The final death toll was about 1,000, with 4,000 injured. Lundeen and his two colleagues returned to the United States by the end of December but that did not end the Baxter commitment to Armenia — Loucks sent another five technical and medical personnel to replace them. It shook buildings as … The event lasted for 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of Ä°zmit. Share. When he arrived, he saw that the building had been leveled. Many of the buildings which collapsed were old and poorly constructed, or had been built on poor soil such as old landfill sites or steep slopes. Despite his legendary athletic record and successful business career, Simourian says the most important decision he made in his life was to court and marry Michele, now his wife of 56 years. Colombia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 1999 Format Situation Report Source. And what does Loucks remember about Simourian’s play? Later determined to be the largest ever to hit inside the Soviet republics, the earthquake measured 6.9 on the Richter scale and lasted about 30 seconds. A life-saving mission between two world powers would result from that phone call and remarkably enough it was the product of the respect and trust that two men gained playing football against each other more than 30 years before. Earthquake in Colombia 1999 - picking through rubble of their homes for clothes that can still be worn, Armenia People lives in the containers after 23 years. Hayk Demoyan. The earthquake struck at nineteen minutes past one o'clock on January 25, lasted seconds, and left behind utter devastation. He wasn’t the biggest guy on their team, but he was the most versatile,” Loucks recalled. From his office as president of his family-owned transportation company, he called the chief of one of the country’s largest manufacturers of dialysis equipment, a man whom Simourian had competed against while quarterbacking Harvard’s football team and told him of the crisis. Loading the Baxter equipment at Andrews Air Force Base, “The only way to save those rescued from collapsed buildings was to get them on dialysis but our equipment was outdated and totally unable to meet the overwhelming demand,” said Avagyan, who is now Executive Director of the Armenian Bone Marrow Donor Registry in Yerevan. William Lundeen, another of the three Baxter engineers who helped load the 20 dialysis machines aboard the plane in the pre-dawn dark, says he wasn’t alone in wondering about the perilous nature of the mission he had joined. Even though a Russian military base was located there, it lacked the heavy equipment and cranes needed to move the rubble to search for possible survivors. In recent years, Kurkjian authored the non-fiction book MASTER THIEVES, which is regarded as the most authoritative account of the historic and still-unsolved theft of masterpieces from Boston’s Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. “The 1989 Armenian earthquake needed only four minutes to flatten the nation and kill thirty thousand people. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). It took more than a week for an organized relief effort to mobilize, and in the interim many survivors slept outside in the December cold. Kurkjian has also written extensively on the Armenian Genocide and is a Board member of the National Association for Armenian Studies and Research. UNHCR Global Appeal 1999 - Armenia. Armenia is a small country about the size of Maryland that borders Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Georgia to the north. Earthquake in Armenia, Colombia, January 25, 1999. All Rights Reserved. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. Quantification of damage associated to the 1999 Armenia earthquake in Colombia made possible to evaluate the validity and reliability of IE-RISS system in determining earthquake risk potential. Background: On January 25, 1999 at 1:19 p.m. EST, the epicenter of an earthquake measuring 6.0 on the Richter Scale struck central Colombia. It is the most powerful quake to hit Colombia for 16 years, measuring six on the Richter scale. When asked recently about their strongest memory of the other, Simourian and Loucks both remembered the fierce competition each showed during the three varsity football games they played against one another between 1954-1956 — Yale winning two and Harvard one of The Games. For Armenia, a country of about 3 million people, the casualty level made the earthquake one of the most devastating national disasters in modern times. Ultimately, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who cut short a visit to the United States to rush to the earthquake-stricken region, would give official authorization for Armenia to accept humanitarian aid from the United States and the rest of the world. “I’m still sore from some of the tackles he made on me.”. More than 15,000 of its residents were killed and 75 percent of the city said to be destroyed. The answer was yes. I'd also stayed up late writing about Saturday so I was tired. Together with another member of the Operational Committee, we pick a team of ten. It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. Home office setup: 5 ways to create a space for WFH; Oct. 1, 2020. Anahit Harutyunyan was only 5, living with her parents and sister. For Simourian, that journey began the morning after he learned of the earthquake. Stein, who had raised money for the anti-nuke organization and traveled to Russia on several previous occasions, recalls advising the Baxter group: “Whatever you do, never leave the medical equipment out of your sight, or it will disappear, and you’ll never see it again.”. At a press conference at Boston’s Logan Airport where several planes filled with emergency goods had been delayed from taking off, Kennedy said: “It will not only be physical things on that flight but, more deeply, it will be prayers and a sense of loss. While basic emergency supplies such as food, clothes, blankets and children’s goods were foremost on the minds of countless people, a fundraising campaign was outlined among those who met at the Najarians’ home. But echoing what Loucks had told him, Simourian recalled Johnson telling him that they needed someone in Washington who could facilitate getting the Baxter equipment transported from the United States to Yerevan. MASAKATSU MIYAJIMA Kanazawa University 2-40-20, Kodatsuno, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8867, Japan An earthquake of magnitude 6.2 (Mb) occurred in west-central part of Colombia on January 25, 1999. Experts consider that … At the same time, again apparently through Kennedy’s influence, the US State Department and the Soviet embassy in Washington gave immediate approval to allow Dr. Allan Collins, a Minnesota kidney specialist, and three Baxter engineers and technicians to fly aboard the military transport plane — squeezed in with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment — from Andrews Air Force Base to Yerevan. An Armenian man who was found digging with his fingers and hands was told by a doctor that if he continued to dig that way, he risked amputation. Copyright © 2017 — The Armenian Mirror-Spectator. The quake struck the heart of the country's coffee-growing region, about the capital, Bogota, toppling tower blocks, hotels and historic churches. This isn’t just one plane. EARTHQUAKE IN CALIFORNIA 7.1 MAGNITUDE || JULY 5, 2019 - Duration: 10 ... TERREMOTO Edificio antigua Alcaldia Armenia Quindio 1999 - … “He told us that it’s a quake and that we should run,” Demoyan wrote. China Earthquake 05/14/2008 Canadian Red Cross Appeal: Séisme en Chine 14/05/2008 Appel de la Croix-Rouge … Introduction [2] On 25 January 1999 a M w = 6.2 earthquake struck the coffee‐growing region of western Colombia. The two Armenian cities closest to the epicenter, Spitak and Leninakan, suffered between 25,000 to 50,000 deaths, and up to 130,000 people were injured. USAID; Posted 26 Feb 1999 Originally published 26 Feb 1999. It lasted for approximately 15 seconds. The earthquake occurred at 1 19 pm on Monday, 25 January 1999, and had an intensity of 6.2 points on the Richter scale. The city was virtually destroyed in the quake, and a third of its 15,000 residents killed. Home > The Canadian Encyclopedia > Geology > Earthquake Print Version. In all, more than 100 countries would respond. But a closer look of what followed it, particularly the collapse of Communism and the closer ties between those in the diaspora and the homeland, is also a tribute to the distinctly Armenian characteristic of not only surviving national tragedy but becoming stronger from it. Most of the buildings which collapsed, including many churches, were built before 1984 when a new, tougher, building standards were introduced. The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 casualties. The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the “I don’t think many of the others had even been to Armenia, remember this was still during the Soviet regime, but this was something different — the suffering was on a massive scale and we needed to help,” Carolann Najarian recalled. For Armenia, a country of about 3 million people, the casualty level made the earthquake one of the most devastating national disasters in modern times. The deepest registered earthquake happened in the department of Amazonas in 1970 at an estimated depth of almost 645 kilometres (2,116,000 ft). The quake measured six on the Richter scale, one of the most severe to hit the country this century. Born in France, Michele met John after coming to Boston and later Simmons College. In addition, she is co-founder with Elizabeth Agbabian of AMAA’s Orphan and Child Care Committee commissioned by the Association. “I consider what we did here perhaps the best thing I ever accomplished in my business career,” said Loucks, now 83. “And the real reason I did it was because of the sense of urgency in John’s voice.”. The two tremors, … Loucks had risen in the ranks of Baxter Healthcare and taken over as its CEO as well as its Board Chairman the year before, and Michele suggested John call him. There were 200,000 people left homeless. On December 7, 1988, an earthquake shattered the north of Soviet Armenia. Colombia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 1999 Format Situation Report Source. PARAMUS, N.J. — John A. Simourian was a legendary athlete at Watertown High School and Harvard College during the mid-1950s and his successes on the football and baseball fields made him one of the most celebrated Armenian-American sports figures in the 20th century. The destruction in Spitak was even worse. “I knew we had done something that none of us would ever forget,” Loucks said, “and I wanted to thank John and Michele as representatives of the Armenian people for letting us serve them.”. One of them was at the Lincoln, Mass. When a person is trapped under concrete or debris, their blood supply will continue to flow to their brain but not their kidneys and lower extremities. 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. Thousands have been left homeless. ⭕ SUSCRÍBETE https://goo.gl/mzjjfq ⭕ Activa la campanita Tomas de archivo de Armenia después del Terremoto del eje cafetero, panorámica desde la … Ä°zmit earthquake of 1999, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of Ä°zmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. It is evident Johnson too didn’t know what the Baxter engineers and Dr. Collins, the kidney specialist from Minnesota, should expect once they landed in Moscow, the last leg of their flight before reaching Yerevan. Siranush Ghazanchyan Send an email October 30, 2020, 16:45. The 1999 Armenia, Colombia earthquake occurred on 25 January at 13:19 with an epicenter 25 miles (40 km) west south west of Ibagué, Colombia. He shared in three Pulitzer Prizes as a member and editor of the Spotlight Team. Later that spring, Loucks summoned all of those Baxter employees who had participated in the relief effort to an appreciation dinner at the company’s headquarters in Illinois, and he asked John and Michele Simourian to attend. Following their graduations, both served in the military — Loucks as a Marine, and Simourian in the Navy — and after graduating from Harvard Business School at different times both began their successful business careers: Loucks in healthcare and Simourian, with his son, building a trucking company into a national transportation organization, headquartered in Needham, Mass. Blog. “He was a threat on every single play. The focus was located in the municipality of Cordoba, 20 kilometres from Armenia, and had a depth of two to three thousand metres. He estimated that approximately 1,500 people, who had been rescued from collapsed buildings in Spitak and Leninakan (now Gyumri) and rushed to Yerevan for emergency dialysis treatment, died at the hospitals because of the lack of adequate dialysis equipment in operation at the time of the earthquake. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. USAID; Posted 26 Feb 1999 Originally published 26 Feb 1999. All the kids in her neighborhood learned to dread the Armenian word for earthquake — Zhazhq — and her lasting memory was standing in her grandmother’s dining room and staring at the chandelier to see if it would sway violently as it had during the earthquake. Geo-seismic engineer Zygmunt Lubkowski said: "If we ensure building and bridges are constructed properly, we can prevent the sort of loss of life which has been observed in Colombia.". Simourian — and Loucks — kept that pledge for three decades even though the doors that he helped open for them were monumental and their impact both life-saving and long-lasting for Armenia. The relief effort, which depended on a secret agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union to succeed, was spurred by an entreaty to Simourian by his wife, Michele, that “we’ve got to do something” hours after learning of the disaster. 1999: Colombia quake leaves hundreds dead, 1999: Olympic officials face bribery charges, 1981: Dissident Labour MPs plan new party, 1990: Children killed in devastating storm. On arriving home, he found that all members of his immediate family — his parents, brother and sister — had survived. Within a year, the Berlin Wall was falling, and Gorbachev was telling all Soviet republics they were free to declare their independence and Armenia was the first to do so, by popular vote in 1990. Yet unbeknownst to everyone except a few close friends, Simourian initiated a relief effort that saved the lives of numerous victims of the devastating earthquake in Armenia in 1988 by reaching out to two players he had met while leading Harvard’s football team 30 years before. Most of the newer buildings, built since the new standards were introduced in 1984, survived intact. In Armenia, about 10 miles (17km) south of the epicentre, even single-storey homes were destroyed by the quake. The most affected cities were Armenia and Pereira, where extensive damage occurred. The shock heavily affected the city of Armenia, Colombia in the Quindío department, and about 18 other towns and 28 additional villages in the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis region departments, and to a lesser degree, the cities of Pereira and Manizales. With its epicenter about 55 miles north of Yerevan, the earthquake began at 11:41 in the morning of December 7. On Monday, January 25, 1999, an ML = 6.2 earthquake occurred in Quindío. Northern Armenia comprises a mountainous plateau interspersed with populated river valleys and is home to a portion of t… El 25 de enero de 1999, a la 1:19 p.m., se vivió una de sus peores tragedias en Colombia. 1999 earthquake. 6.2 Richter scale. The president had to send in troops to restore order. Reports said Friday’s quake was also felt on the Greek island of Crete. When he stepped out of a hangar to approach the transport plane, Lundeen recalls coming across a unit of US military commandos all dressed in black, whose commander told him: “We don’t know who’s coming off that plane, and we want to be sure we’re prepared for anything.”. In a cable to them, Johnson stressed they should memorize the name and telephone number of Dr. Yevegny Chazov, the top Health Minister in the Kremlin, in case they ran into any trouble. Vernon R. Loucks, Jr., chairman of Baxter International. The roads in and out of the city were rendered impassable and those fortunate enough to be rescued from collapsed structures could not be transported to Yerevan or hospitals outside of the epicenter. Tremblement de terre à Armenia, en Colombie, le 25 janvier 1999. The earthquake reached such a force and brought such immediate destruction that many residents believed for a long time that it was not a natural disaster but an underground nuclear explosion that had struck. But the Simourians could envisage none of those changes as they drove away from the Najarians’ home that night after the earthquake struck. What we do. Sobrevivientes recogieron sus pasos. I was asked at that time if I was available. “The scale of the destruction drove people crazy, and each person focused on his own family,” said an Armenian professional photographer who arrived at the scene within two hours of the catastrophe. The sounds coming from outside were frightening and impossible to forget.”. (Reporters Anahit Harutyunyan and Ani Hovhannissyan contributed from Armenia.). “That was a real emotional level for everybody because this was the realization of the whole mission,” Lundeen said. But overall, three decades later, it is inspiring to consider the extraordinary rest of the Soviet Empire – since the earthquake. Three decades later, the devastating earthquake is a reminder of the horrific events that Armenia and its people has had to endure to survive through history. A retired lieutenant general in the US Marine Corps, Johnson had been a fighter pilot during World War II and risen to become chief of staff of the US Strategic Air Command in Omaha and then director of the US Defense Nuclear Agency which was responsible for maintaining the country’s atomic bombs and nuclear testing programs. He had gone off to school with his brother that Wednesday morning with the warning of his mother echoing in his ears that she had had a nightmare and that the two boys should be extra careful at school that day. The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 casualties. The Colombian authorities have imposed a dawn-till-dusk curfew to allow the rescuers to work unhampered. The situation on the ground in Yerevan was near-desperate. But so many distant relatives had not, including his two cousins who were trapped beneath a building and spoke to rescuers for two days, before they died. By Funding and Donor Relations Service | 01 December 1998 Basic Facts . Because he had participated in negotiations between the US and the Soviet Union to reduce their nuclear arsenals, Johnson told Simourian he had contacts in Russia whom they could draw on. Armenia is carrying out disaster preparedness drills in separate cities starting from 1999. 1999 earthquake. The second team’s job was to continue to treat earthquake victims while working to make sure that Baxter’s dialysis machines became part of Armenia’s commitment to a modernized health care system. The epicenter was located 17 km south of Armenia. But by that time the Baxter dialysis machines had already arrived in Yerevan and had been installed and were being used to treat needy victims. Video on social media showed people searching through the rubble of collapsed buildings but the footage could not be verified. “I still can’t believe it happened — loading modern, American healthcare equipment onto a Russian plane on what has to be one of the most secure American military bases there is.”. Former head of the Armenian Genocide Museum in Yerevan, Hayk Demoyan was a 15-year-old school boy living with his family in Leninakan at the time. 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC 5.7 magnitude, 19 km depth Sarıkamış, Kars, Turkey 5.7 magnitude earthquake 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC at 17:06 December 03, 1999 UTC An earthquake that struck Izmir in 1999 killed about 17,000 people. Thirty years after the devastating earthquake, Simourian, having told only a few close friends about the relief effort over the years, spoke of it again over a recent dinner with Zaven Khanjian, Executive Director/CEO of the Armenian Missionary Association of America (AMAA). Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDE from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. So, realizing that time was of extreme essence that numerous lives of victims who had been rescued from collapsed buildings hung in the balance, Armenians everywhere began to rally. Block after block of eight- to ten-story buildings, built during the Soviet regime with inadequate concrete and steel reinforcements, lay in rubble. 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC 5.7 magnitude, 19 km depth Sarıkamış, Kars, Turkey 5.7 magnitude earthquake 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC at 17:06 December 03, 1999 UTC “Baxter was one of the first to arrive. 1999 Earthquake Photos. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days The two Armenian cities closest to the epicenter, Spitak and Leninakan, suffered between 25,000 to 50,000 deaths, and up to 130,000 people were injured. Background: On January 25, 1999 at 1:19 p.m. EST, the epicenter of an earthquake measuring 6.0 on the Richter Scale struck central Colombia. In the early morning hours of December 18, 1988, a little more than 10 days after the earthquake had struck Armenia, the Russian Aeroflot plane landed at Andrews Air Force Base, was quickly loaded with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment and took off. The strongest earthquake, with an estimated moment magnitude of 8.8 also happened offshore Ecuador in 1906. Colombia. January 25 (Armenia, Colombia) Since there was no food in the house I had no breakfast. According to Dr. James Tattersall, a British doctor who was one of the first medical personnel to rush to Armenia on hearing of the earthquake — arriving in Yerevan only days later — the need for the new kidney dialysis machines was urgent. He was in his shop class at 11:40 when the school began shaking, and his instructor immediately knew what was happening. In the area you have selected (Armenia) earthquake hazard is classified as high according to the information that is currently available. The American people are resolute, and we are going to continue our efforts for Armenia.”. This earthquake has caused more damage than any other seismic event in Colombia this century. Demoyan took notes of what happened during the next several days and shared them with me recently. Khanjian was so moved by the account, he asked Simourian to allow him to make it public. “Those who were at the factory or office, ran home. This earthquake has caused more damage than any other seismic event in Colombia this century. Colombia. Armenia, Colombia - Pereira, Colombia - Colombian coffee growing axis - List of earthquakes in 1999 - Manizales - List of earthquakes in Colombia - Epicenter - Ibagué - Quindío Department - South American Plate - Earthquake engineering - University of Quindío - Triage - Bogotá - Medellín - Cali - Andrés Pastrana Arango - Coffee production in Colombia - Peak ground acceleration - 1999 … Other major earthquakes were the 1875 Cúcuta earthquake with around 10,000 deaths and the 1999 Armenia earthquake with an intensity of X. Mon 25 Jan 1999 23.36 EST "These are partial figures from our people in the area," said Henry Casas, head of the National Solidarity Network, indicating that … Several years before, Chazov had joined with the renowned Boston-based cardiologist Dr. Bernard Lown to establish the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, and the group was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985. “I remember him because he played end on offense and defense,” Simourian said. This earthquake is officially called Quindio Earthquake … Oct. 2, 2020. Areas to the southwest of Armenia, such as the northeastern Mediterranean coast, Turkey and Iran, are quite seismically active: More than four quakes with magnitudes greater than six have struck Turkey in the 20th century alone. Home office setup: 5 ways to create a space for WFH; Oct. 1, 2020. According to the book, Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, the man answered: “What do my hands matter, everything I cherish is under there – my son, my daughter, my wife and my mother.”, For those fortunate enough to be pulled from the rubble, kidney failure was an immediate concern. The flight — which stopped in Newfoundland and Moscow before reaching Armenia — lasted 20 hours. Mejdy Mohamed Jonathan Palomino John Fernandez Daniel Amador Pablo Rodas I was contacted by the AMAA and asked to connect with Simourian. On reaching Yerevan, they received a welcoming embrace from the Soviet officials and Armenian medical personnel — a clear measure of how desperate the medical situation had become. Kennedy too had seen the television coverage of the devastation that the earthquake had brought and pledged to Simourian that he would do anything he could do and do it as soon as possible. Promote and assist in the development of a legal framework and implementing procedures in accordance with the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees; assist governmental bodies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in building their capacities to … Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDC from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. 1. Having seen television images of the devastation, Vernon R. Loucks, Jr., chairman of Baxter International and former end for Yale’s varsity football team, was only too willing to help with a massive relief effort. Loucks asked Simourian if he knew anyone in Washington, DC who could cut through the red tape and expedite the transport of the equipment from the United States to Yerevan. But soon organizations began to be established to address more deep-seated needs in the country, including the Armenian Children’s Milk Fund, the Fund for Armenian Relief, the Armenian Health Alliance, Kirk Kerkorian’s The Lincy Foundation and, in 1994, Carolyn Mugar’s Armenia Tree Project. They opened the door.”. There were widespread reports of looting in the city of Armenia after the earthquake. Public outrage by Armenians toward the shoddy construction of high-rise buildings that had collapsed in the tremors was followed by disgust over the slow and chaotic rescue efforts. This year the Government of Armenia is planning to hold a national drill on December 7, 2016 as a day of remembrance of the great 1988 earthquake and as a day of disaster preparedness. Armenia, the … Not enough sleep this weekend- The grade nines didn't really rag me but said they saw me at the bullfight with my girlfriend yesterday. 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